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  學年 105
  標題 A Study of Nature and God in Coleridge's Poetry
  學生姓名 溫庭儀
  指導教授 郭章瑞
  摘要 本論文以柯爾律治具有爭議的鴉片成癮與他對基督教的堅定信仰交織在一起的方式探索自然。柯爾律治的作品充斥相反或不一致的特性,分別是鴉片成癮與戒除鴉片,崇高與美麗,以及沉浸自然與崇拜上帝。所有三個層面密切相關,它們對柯爾律治的影響不相上下,它們之間的緊張關係誘導柯爾律治展現詩意的張力。本論文注重分析這些相反或不一致的特性,因為它們的相互影響可能解釋柯爾律治的作品與柯爾律治本人之間的關聯。另一方面,柯爾律治的自然哲學是值得討論的重點。柯爾律治的自然哲學與一些他的世代的自然哲學差異襯托柯爾律治對基督教的堅定信仰。換句話說,柯爾律治如何避免被認為是一個自然神論者或泛神論者,同時被公認擁抱自然、創作詩詞歌頌自然?根據以上所述,該問題的答案可以釐清柯爾律治對自然與上帝的概念,隨後釐清柯爾律治鴉片成癮的原因。一言以蔽之,柯爾律治的自然哲學與基督教之間沒有矛盾與衝突。透過探索柯爾律治對自然與上帝的概念,我們可能發掘人類在自然與上帝之中扮演的角色。
This thesis deals with Coleridge's way of exploring nature interwoven with his controversial opium addiction and his steadfast belief in Christianity. Opposite or discordant qualities are the common ground among the three aspects: opium, nature, and God. All of the three are closely inter-related to the extent that their influences on Coleridge are equally matched and the tensions between them cause Coleridge to show poetic tension. In Coleridge's works, there are opposite or discordant qualities inherent in each aspect respectively: opium addiction and abstention from it, the sublime and the beautiful, and the immersion in nature and worship of God. I will analyze these opposite or discordant qualities mainly for the reason that their interactions might account for the connection between Coleridge's works and Coleridge himself. On the other hand, Coleridge's natural philosophy is the key point worthy of discussion. The differences between Coleridge's natural philosophy and those of his contemporaries strengthen Coleridge's belief in the Christian God. In other words, how does Coleridge avoid being deemed a deist or pantheist while he is well acknowledged for embracing nature and composing poems eulogizing nature? Keeping all these mentioned above in mind, the answer to the question will cast light on Coleridge's concepts of nature and God and subsequently figure out Coleridge's reason for opium addiction. In a word, there is no discord and conflict between Coleridge's natural philosophy and the Christian God. By means of exploring Coleridge's concepts of nature and God, we might discover humans' roles in the relationship between nature and God.
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