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  學年 105
  標題 Nabokov’s Uncanny:The Transformation of Psychoanalysis in Pale Fire
  學生姓名 鄒文亭
  指導教授 易鵬
  摘要 本論文是在詭異的概念框架內,通過解析納博科夫經典小說之一《幽冥的火》中對精神分析的改寫來探討納博科夫對弗洛伊德既愛又恨矛盾情感的議題。
論文第一章先從三方面來解析納博科夫之詭異,亦即納博科夫獨特的憤怒情感政治,其文學觀和其在《堂吉訶德講稿》中所表現對戲仿的看法。我將解析納博科夫對弗洛伊德之敵意,將納氏之小說中純熟技巧納入考慮之中,我認為納博科夫反弗洛伊德之說過於簡單化。繼而我認為既愛又恨矛盾情感才能更確切地闡明納氏和弗氏兩者之間的關係。接下來的兩章將處理納氏對弗氏既愛又恨矛盾情感的兩面。論文第二章處理納氏如何通過在《幽冥的火》中對精神分析之挪用而回歸對弗氏熟稔這一層面。我將討論三個方面,亦即俄底浦斯情結,自戀和妄想案例,通過這三方面來完成納氏對弗氏既愛又恨矛盾情感的第一個面向的探討,亦即兩者間的緊密聯繫和貼合。論文第三章的關注點將放在納氏如何通過自己想象層面的修改潤色,通過改寫弗氏之精神分析再一次從對弗氏的熟稔轉向陌生,達到陌生化效果進而創造自己的小說。從自戀的內省性和妄想案列偏離性兩方面我將處理納氏對弗氏既愛又恨矛盾情感的第二個面向,亦即兩者間的偏離和排斥。最後,在結論部分我將說明納氏對精神分析的改寫是其對弗氏之抑製吸引力和公開敵意下妥協的產物,換而言之,納博科夫的詭異正是由於他對弗洛伊德既愛又恨的矛盾情感。
My aim in this thesis is to justify Nabokov’s ambivalence towards Freud by analyzing Nabokov’s transformation of psychoanalysis in one of his classical novel Pale Fire within the concept of “uncanny”.
Chapter One analyses Nabokov’s uncanny with regard to three aspects, Nabokov’s unique politics of anger, his literary views and his opinion towards parody expressed in Lectures on Don Quixote. I will give my analysis of Nabokov’s hostility towards Freud and propose that, taking into consideration the consummate strategies used in his novel, the view that Nabokov is anti-Freudian is an over-simplifying proposition. And I think the word ambivalence can shed a more exact light on the bond between Nabokov and Freud. The following two chapters will deal with the two sides of Nabokov’s ambivalence towards Freud. Chapter Two will deal with the second layer of the thesis, that is, how Nabokov returns to his heimlich with Freud by his appropriation of psychoanalysis in Pale Fire. I will talk about three aspects, that is, the Oedipal complex, narcissism and a case of paranoia, and thus complete the discussion on the first side of Nabokov’s ambivalent attitude towards Freud, that is, his affinity and intimacy with Freud. Chapter Three pays attention to the third layer of the thesis,that is, how Nabokov achieves the effect of defamiliarization and creates his own novel, changing the heimlich to unheimlich again by transforming Freud’s psychoanalysis through the modifying colors of his own imagination. From two aspects, that is, narcissistic introspection and “para-noia” reading, I will deal with the other side of Nabokov’s ambivalent attitude towards Freud, that is, his beyond and beside Freud. Finally, I will make the conclusion that Nabokov’s transformation of psychoanalysis is the product of the compromise between his repressed attraction to Freud and open hostility towards him. That is, Nabokov’s uncanny proceeds from his ambivalence towards Freud.
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