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  學年 92
  標題 The Time Machine: Degeneration and Its Discontents
  學生姓名 黃俊榮(Witt Huang)
  指導教授 易鵬 (Peng Yi)
  摘要 H. G. Wells’s The Time Machine imagines a future when man devolves into beast. This is actually a common anxiety and fear of degeneration in late nineteenth century. Discourses that deal with this theme are called “degeneration theory.” Unlike most critiques that focus only on the images of degeneration in this novel, the present thesis begins with the social context of degeneration and looks into the political implication of the novel. Moreover, we introduce into the analysis Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, which in some way has a rebellious history with degeneration theory. Reading the novel from the political angle, we could understand the social context surrounding degeneration theory, the novel, and psychoanalysis. By doing so we could understand that the concept of degeneration is the bourgeois’ means to secure the class identity. And since the novel borrows concepts from degeneration theory it might share the critiques that degeneration theory receives; that is, degeneration is a means of class division. Thus, this thesis, with Freud’s theory, tries to discuss whether The Time Machine is also a means to secure the status of the bourgeois. Hence, the thesis is organized thus: Chapter 1 presents a review of literature; Chapter 2 introduces degeneration theory and detects its presence in the novel; Chapter 3 introduces the relationship between psychoanalysis and degeneration theory and analyzes the novel in a psychoanalytic point of view; Chapter 4 discusses the power mechanism of the nineteenth-century capitalist society and indicates the limitations both of psychoanalysis and of the novel within this power mechanism.
  書目
  連結 http://thesis.lib.ncu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search-c/getfile?URN=90122003&filename=90122003.pdf
 

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